The easiest way to assemble a desktop computer

| Jumat, 25 Maret 2011
Components of computer assemblers are available on the market with a wide selection of quality and price. By assembling your own computer, we can determine the type of component, capabilities and facilities of the computer according kebutuhan.Tahapan in computer assembly consists of:

A. Preparation
B. Assembly
C. Examination
D. Handling Problems


Good preparation will facilitate the assembly of the computer and avoid problems that may timbul.Hal involved in the preparation include:

    1.Computer Configuration Determination
    2.Preparation Kompunen and equipment

Computer Configuration Determination

Configuring a computer linked to the determination of the type of components and features of the computer and how all components can work as a computer system as desired kita.Penentuan starting components of the type of processor, motherboard and other components. Factors suitability or compatibility of the components on the motherboard must be considered, because each type of motherboard supports the type of processor, memory modules, ports and I / O bus that is different.

Preparation Components and Supplies

Computer components and assembly equipment to be prepared for the assembly prepared in advance to facilitate assembly. Equipment is prepared consisting of:

     *Computer Components
     *Completeness of components such as cables, screws, jumpers, screws, etc.
     *Manuals and reference books from the component
     *Aids, flat and Philips screwdrivers

Baru! Klik kata di atas untuk melihat terjemahan alternatif. Singkirkan
Software operating system, device drivers and application programs.

Needed as a reference manual to know the chart position of connection elements (connectors, ports and slots) and element configuration (jumpers and switches) and how to set jumpers and switches are suitable for computer or CD dirakit.Diskette software needed to install the Operating System, device drivers from the device, and application programs on a computer that finished assembled.


The safety precautions required to avoid problems such as damage to components by static electrical charges, falls, excessive heat or spills cairan.Pencegahan damage due to static electricity by:

     *Using anti-static bracelet or touching the metal surface in the chassis before handling components to remove static charge.
     *Not directly touch the electronic components, connectors or circuit paths but hold on metal or plastic bodies found on the component.


Stages of the process on a computer assembly consists of:

    1. Preparation motherboard
    2.Memasang processor
    3.Memasang heatsink
    4. Replacing Memory Modules
    5. install the motherboard on the casing
    6.Memasang Power Supply
    Cable 7.Memasang motherboard and Casing
    8. Install Drive
    9. Installing the card Adapte
   10. Final Settlement
1. Preparation motherboard

Check your motherboard manual to find out the position of jumpers for CPU speed setting, speed multiplier and input voltage to the motherboard. Set a jumper as instructed, the error set the voltage jumpers can damage the processor.

2. Replacing processor

Processors are more easily installed before the motherboard occupies the casing. How to install the processor socket and slot type socket berbeda.Jenis
  1.Tentukan position of pin 1 on the processor and the processor socket on the motherboard, usually located on the corner marked with a dot, triangle or indentation.

  2.Tegakkan position of the locking lever to open the socket.

  3. Insert the processor into the socket by first aligning the position of the legs of the processor with the socket holes. Squeeze your until there is no gap between the processor with the socket.

  4.Turunkan back the locking lever

Slot Type

    1.Put buffer (bracket) at the two ends of the slots on the motherboard so that the position of peg holes with a hole in the motherboard meet
    2. Enter then the locking pegs pegs pegs in holes

Slide the card processor in between the two anchoring and press it to fit exactly into the hole slot.

2.3. Install Heatsink

Heatsink function is to remove heat generated by the processor via the conduction of heat from the processor to optimize heat transfer heatsink.Untuk the heatsink should be fitted tightly on the top of the processor with some clip as a drag while the contacts on the heatsink surface coated panas.Bila Conductor gene equipped with a fan heatsink then the power connector on the fan is connected to the fan connector on the motherboard.

4. Replacing Memory Modules

Memory modules are generally installed sequentially from the smallest socket number. The order of installation can be seen from the diagram motherboard.Setiap the SIMM memory module type, DIMM and RIMM can be distinguished by the position of grooves on the sides and bottom of the modul.Cara set for each type of memory module as follows.


    1.Sesuaikan indentation position on the module with the bumps in the slot.
    2. Insert the module by making a 45 degree angle sloping toward the slot
    3. Push until the module is upright in the slot, the locking lever on the slot will automatically lock the module.

Type DIMM and RIMM

How to install a DIMM and RIMM modules together and there is only one way that will not be reversed because there are two grooves for guidance. Perbedaanya DIMM and RIMM at the position curve

    1. Lay locking catches on the end of slots
    2. adjust the position of grooves on the connector module with a bulge in the slot. then insert the module into the slot.
    3. Locking latches automatically lock the module in the slot when the module is installed right.

6. Install Power Supply

Several types of chassis is equipped with power supply. When the power supply is not included then the way the installation as follows:

    1.Masukkan power supply at the rack on the back of the casing. Attach the four locking screws.
    2.HUbungkan power connector from the power supply to the motherboard. ATX power connector types have only one way of installation so as not to be reversed. For this type of non-ATX with two separate connectors, the cable-black ground wires must be placed side by side and mounted in the middle of the motherboard power connector. Connect the power cord for the fan, if using a fan for cooling the CPU.

7. Replacing the motherboard and Casing Cable

After the motherboard installed in the chassis next step is installing the cable I / O on the motherboard and the panel with the chassis.

    1.Pasang data cable for the floppy drive on the floppy controller on the motherboard connector
    2.Pasang IDE cable to the primary and secondary IDE connector on the motherboard.
    3.Untuk non-ATX motherboard. Connect the serial and parallel port cable to the connector on the motherboard. Note the position of pin 1 to install.
    4. On the back of the casing there is a hole to install additional types of non-slot port. Open the lock plate screw hole closed lalumasukkan port connector ports that want to set up and install a screw back.
    5.Bila mouse port is not available at the back of the card casing mouse connector should be installed and connected to the mouse connector on the motherboard.
    6.Hubungan connector cable from the switch on the chassis front panel, LED, internal speakers and ports installed in front of the casing if there is to the motherboard. Check your motherboard diagram to locate the proper connector.

8. Install Drive

The procedure to install the hard disk drive, floppy, CD ROM, CD-RW or DVD is the same as follows:

    1.Copot pellets cover drive bay (space for drives in the chassis)
    2.Masukkan drive from the front of the bay with the first set the jumper settings (as master or slave) on the drive.
    3.Sesuaikan position of screw holes in the drive and the casing and insert the retaining screw drive.
    4.Hubungkan connector IDE cable to the drive and the connector on the motherboard (the connector is used first primary)
    5. Repeat steps 1 samapai 4 for each installation drive.
    6.Bila du IDE cable connected to the drive make sure the jumper settings are differences both the first drive set as master and the other as slave.
    7. Secondary IDE connector on the motherboard can be used to connect two additional drives.
    8.Floppy drive is connected to a special connector on the motherboard floppy

Connect the power cord from the power supply to each drive.

9. Installing Adapter Card

Common adapter card that is installed for the video cards, sound, network, modem and SCSI adapters. Video card should generally be mounted and installed before any other adapter card. How to install the adapter:

    1. Hold the adapter card on edge, avoid touching the component or electronic circuit. Press the card to plug right into the expansion slot on the motherboard
    2. Install the retaining screw into the chassis card
    3. Reconnect the internal cable card, if any.
    10. End Penyelessaian
    1.Pasang chassis cover by sliding
    2. connect the cable from the power supply into the wall socket.
    3.Pasang monitor connector to the port video card.
    4. Plug the phone cord into the modem port if any.
    5.Hubungkan keyboard cable connector and plug the mouse into the mouse port or serial poert (depending on the type of mouse).
    6. Connect other external devices such as speakers, joystick, and microphone if there is to the appropriate port. Check the manual of the adapter card to make sure the location of the port.


The new computers complete assembly can be tested with the BIOS setup program. How do the tests with the BIOS program as follows:

    1.Hidupkan the monitor and system unit. Note the display monitor and sound from the speakers.
    2.Program FOST of the BIOS will automatically detect the installed computer hardware. If there are errors then display a blank screen and the speaker emits an alert beep on a regular basis as a code indication of errors. Check the reference BIOS code to find fault indication in question by a beep code.
    3.Jika error does not occur then the monitor displays the execution of the POST program. ekan BIOS interrupt button according to the instructions on screen to enter the BIOS setup program.
    4.Periksa all the hardware detection by the BIOS setup program. Some settings may have changed its value, especially the capacity of hard drives and boot sequence.
    5.Simpan change the settings and exit the BIOS setup.

After exiting the BIOS setup, the computer will load the operating system with appropriate search order settings in the BIOS boot sequence. Insert the bootable diskette or CD containing the operating system to drive the search.

Handling Problems

Problems that commonly occur in computer assembly and handling, among others:

    1. Computer or monitor is not lit, probably caused by the switch or power cord is not connected.
    2.Card adapter is not detected due to the installation of card not fitting into the slot /

LED of the hard disk, floppy or CD burning continue due to error or there are wiring connector pins are not fit to connect. Good luck and Good Work.

0 komentar:


Copyright © 2010 onepointnet